Last edited by Kagalar
Tuesday, November 17, 2020 | History

5 edition of State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National Implications found in the catalog.

State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National Implications

  • 121 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by RAND Corporation .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Energy industries & utilities,
  • Management of land & natural resources,
  • c 1970 to c 1980,
  • c 1980 to c 1990,
  • c 1990 to c 2000,
  • Energy conservation,
  • Business & Economics,
  • Science,
  • Business/Economics,
  • USA,
  • Energy policy,
  • Energy,
  • United States,
  • Operations Research,
  • Government policy,
  • States

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsMark Bernstein (Editor), Kateryna Fonkych (Editor), Sam Loeb (Editor), David Loughran (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages118
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL8188349M
    ISBN 100833034162
    ISBN 109780833034168

    • The AEO is developed using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), an integrated model that captures interactions of economic changes and energy supply, demand, and prices. • Energy market projections are subject to much uncertainty, as many of the events that shape energy. Competition arises whenever two or more parties strive for a common goal which cannot be shared: where one's gain is the other's loss (an example of which is a zero-sum game). Competition includes rivalry between entities such as organisms, individuals, economic and social groups, etc. The rivalry can be over attainment of any exclusive goal, including recognition:(e.g. awards, goods, mates.


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State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National Implications Download PDF EPUB FB2

State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity & National Implications [Bernstein, Mark, Fonkych, Kateryna, Loeb, Sam, Loughran, David State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National Implications book on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity & National ImplicationsPrice: $ State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National Implications.

Mark Bernstein. $ State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National Implications [Bernstein, Mark, Fonkych, Kateryna, Loeb, Sam, Loughran, David] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National ImplicationsAuthor: Mark Bernstein, Kateryna Fonkych, Sam Loeb, David Loughran.

State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National Implications. Book Description: The National Energy Policy calls for continued reductions in energy intensity (energy consumption per dollar of gross economic output).

This study was part of an effort to identify state-level factors that may contribute to efficient energy use nationwide.

The authors examine changes in energy intensity from to across the 48 contiguous states and in specific energy-consuming sectors. They identify various factors that may explain variations in energy intensity and provide recommendations for how the Department of Energy can help states share information and act effectively to reduce energy intensity.

changes in energy use by state over the past 20 or so years. In absolute terms, energy intensity varies substantially among states, but the magnitude and direction of change in energy intensity also vary significantly.

Analysis of energy intensity in the United States is often done at the national or energy-consuming-sector level. State-Level Changes in Energy Intensity and Their National Implications Author: Mark Bernstein, Kateryna Fonkych, Sam Loeb, David Loughran Subject: Examines changes in energy intensity across states and within energy-consuming sectors as part of a larger effort to identify state-level factors that may contribute to efficient energy use nationwide.

Get this from a library. State level changes in energy intensity and their national implications. [Mark Bernstein; United States. Department of Energy.; Science and Technology Policy Institute (Rand Corporation);] -- The National Energy Policy released by the Bush Administration in calls for continued reductions in U.S.

energy intensity, typically defined as energy consumption per dollar. The National Energy Policy released by the Bush Administration in calls for continued reductions in U.S. energy intensity, typically defined as energy consumption per dollar of gross economic output.

The Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy asked RAND to examine changes in energy intensity as part of a larger effort to identify state-level factors that may contribute to efficient energy use by: Burnett and Madariaga () found convergence in energy intensity based on the U.S.

state-level data, and it is supported by Mohammadi and Ram (), which provided evidences of convergence in.

Out of concern for the reversing energy-intensity trends, Beijing's eleventh 5-year plan includes an aggressive goal to reduce national energy intensity 20 percent below levels by Implementation of this centrally administered government target has proven challenging, however, particularly at the local level.

Others have studied structural versus technological changes and their effects on energy intensity. at the state level between and to disentangle the key elements of energy efficiency. indexes at the state level and over a much longer time period. Third, unlike previous work in this area I use regression analysis to measure the impact of changes in eco-nomic and climate variables on the components of changes in energy intensity.

Sue Wing and Eckaus () decompose energy intensity at the national level for 35 industries. State level changes in energy intensity and their national implications by Kateryna Fonkych () 2 editions published in in English and held by 2, WorldCat member libraries worldwide.

This research aims to better understand lifestyle changes and the associated energy effects in the United States over the past decade. We find that Americans are increasingly spending more time at home and less time elsewhere.

The lifestyle shift led to reduced energy consumption of 1, trillion BTU, % of national demand. This effect is not explicitly captured in current national.

Between andU.S. energy intensity was almost steady, decreasing at an average of percent per year; at only two earlier periods in the century, anddid energy intensity decrease at a rate above 2 percent per year (Schurr, ).

U.S. energy consumption from all sources in was estimated at quad (, PJ). Total GDP that year was $ trillion, with per-capita GDP at $40, Using a population of , this would produce an Energy Intensity of 8, BTU (9, kJ) per dollar. Various nations have significantly higher or lower energy intensities.

A country's energy intensity is usually defined as energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product (GDP). Greater efficiency and structural changes in the economy have reduced energy intensity.

From toenergy intensity in the United. The energy transition must reduce emissions substantially, while ensuring that sufficient energy is available for economic growth. The analysis shows that the CO 2 emissions intensity of global economic activity needs to be reduced by 85% between andand CO 2 emissions need to decline by more than 70% compared to the Reference Case in The result is an annual decline.

Based on the complete decomposition model, the factor analyses for the change of energy intensity and energy consumption in the world in – have been done. The results show that the intensity effect almost saved half of the energy demand relative to the economic structure and intensity level in For years, U.S.

states and regions have been addressing climate change in the absence of stronger federal action. A wide range of policies have been adopted at the state and regional levels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, develop clean energy resources, promote alternative fuel vehicles, and promote more energy-efficient buildings and appliances, among other things.

Between andfor example, U.S. energy intensity, measured as the amount of energy used per dollar of gross domestic product (GDP), fell by half, or percent per year (EIA, ). Despite this trend, the United States still has higher energy use per unit of GDP and per capita than almost all other developed nations.

Using less energy to produce a product or provide a service results in reduced energy intensity. As part of a national priority for improving energy efficiency, the U.S.

Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) has established a national system of indicators to track changes in the energy intensity. ENERGY INTENSITY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY Index ( = ) Energy Consumption Floorspace Intensity Index (weather -adjusted) Year FIGURE â Energy intensity in the U.S.

commercial sector. The national effect is the rate of change in the national energy demand. If each region has the same rate of change as the rate of change for the entire nation, then the national effect in each region would be that value.

Loeb S, Loughran DS () State-level changes in energy intensity and their national implications., Rand Corp. Google. This study uses data on ∼93 million individual homes to perform the most comprehensive study of greenhouse gases from residential energy use in the United States.

We provide nationwide rankings of carbon intensity of homes in states and ZIP codes and offer correlations between affluence, floor space, and emissions.

Scenarios demonstrate this sector cannot achieve the Paris Agreement. U.S. energy intensity (defined as energy consumed per dollar of GDP) has been falling both in times of economic expansion and contraction, allowing the economy to grow even as energy.

Impacts from climate change are happening now. These impacts extend well beyond an increase in temperature, affecting ecosystems and communities in the United States and around the world. Things that we depend upon and value — water, energy, transportation, wildlife, agriculture, ecosystems, and human health — are experiencing the effects.

Energy intensity is measured by dividing our total energy consumed by our GDP. When we click over to the “Energy Intensity” tab in the graphic above, we can see how energy intensity has changed since We see good news here.

In every state, we use less energy to earn a dollar than we did in the year While energy consumption is. These travel demand and energy intensity related changes would have large total energy and carbon implications.

Researchers, analysts, and policymakers must begin considering the impacts of vehicle automation on future travel and energy demand, and on the efficacy of different policies and technologies intended to mitigate the effects, if they. The National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF), announced in the Government of India’s Budgetis seen as a major step in India's quest for energy security and reducing the carbon intensity of energy.

Funding research and innovative projects in clean energy technologies, and harnessing renewable. This framework extends the Energy Input-Output (EI-O) techniques first developed by Bullard, Herendeen, and others to estimate energy intensity of economic products.

Implications from the new framework are discussed, including the value of economic metrics for policy-making, the need for physically-based rather than product-based EI-O. The implications of this sea change are debatable, but the impact is undeniable.

"The gas 'revolution' has important implications for the direction and intensity of national efforts to develop. The output of each industry group was assumed to remain constant at its value, whereas its energy intensity followed the actual historical path.

By this measure, the structure-adjusted energy intensity of the manufacturing sector as a whole declined by percent per year from to and by percent per year from to Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Energy Usage Summary. CBECS - Release date: Ma Despite a 14% increase in total buildings and a 22% increase in total floorspace sinceenergy use in the estimated million U.S.

commercial buildings was up just 7% during the same period, according to new analysis from the Commercial Buildings Energy. GDP—or total national economic output—is the denominator in the energy intensity calculation China uses to chart progress toward goals to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions.

Sincetwo agencies, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) and the State Council, have led efforts to. 1. Introduction. In recent years, China's energy efficiency has received increasing attention from scholars.

InChina's GDP accounted for only 4% of global output, while it accounted for 8%, 10%, and 31% of the global consumption of crude oil, electricity, and coal, respectively ().If environmental damage is considered, China's energy inefficiency is even greater.

For example, under the data and classifications of the National Bureau of Statistics, the energy intensity for “industry” was tce/million Yuan in (as compared to over tce/million Yuan in ), which “agriculture,” “construction” and “wholesale, retail, hotel and.

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy commissioned EPRI to determine the energy efficiency potential on a state level in this report, State Level Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Estimates.

The updated analysis shows a total national estimate ofGWh of cost-effective electric energy. Senior Energy Adviser. Val is Senior Energy Advisor in the Shell Scenarios team within Group Strategy & Portfolio.

Based in The Hague, he advises on scenario development, supports coordination of global energy market analysis, and manages a range of strategy projects. "A Note on the Fisher Ideal Index Decomposition for Structural Change in Energy Intensity." The Energy Journal 25(1) Belzer, David B.

and Katherine A. Cort. Statistical Analysis of Historical State-Level Residential Energy Consumption Trends; Belzer, David B. A Comprehensive System of Energy Intensity Indicators for the U.S.Table 1: Average change in load growth drivers, – Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts (accessed April ); Energy Information Administration, Annual Electric Power Industry Report (EIA Form ) (October ); Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review (March ); US Census Bureau, Current Population .At the economywide level, energy intensity is measured only in terms of a temporal index (currently relative to the year ).

Changes in energy intensity by sector are energy-weighted to construct the economywide index. Sector energy intensity. This is energy intensity calculated at the sector level.